_Chapter Thirteen In a Different Kind of Archives: Bounce_ (by Leila Abu-Orf, Tulane 2013, from Gender Archives, and Musical Culture Class in the fall of 2013)

An indigenous sound to New Orleans, cultivated as a result of the city's unique sociocultural history, bounce music is a rather contemporary form of rap music, not more than twenty years old. Bounce music utilizes a fast tempo, call and response forms, and highly sexualized dancing that accompanies it wherever it plays.

Bounce music arrived in 1992. The audience is generally young and mainly African-American. In the time of its infancy, the only bounce song to hit the billboard chart was DJ Jimi's album, It's Jimi, which eventually spawned the single, "Where They At." Scott Aiges of Billboard describes the bounce sound as "simple but distinctive. It relies on a one- or two-line refrain chanted with the rhythm of a boot-camp march, rather than the extended spoken rhyming typical of rap. Most bounce songs with more than a few lines of lyrics stay with the streetwise themes of gangsta rap. Bounce’s four-beat rhythm emphasizes the two and four, giving songs a jazz-like swing. Many artists sing in a 'bounce bigiddy bounce' imitation of Jamaican dancehall style."

Within bounce music there is another subgenre: sissy bounce. Sissy Bounce is defined as "small…the most established and prominent gay hip-hop scene in the country. The music varies little from traditional bounce music, except, occasionally, in subject matter."

Studying bounce music, one sees again how collectors are the pivotal persons in the creation of any archives, but especially so for music archives. Journalist Alison Fensterstock (herself a Newcomb alumna) has created a website called: "Where They At" with digital recordings, transcriptions of interviews, and even a page called "archives." The website is described as the culmination of work of "photographer Aubrey Edwards and journalist Fensterstock over the course of 18 months.” Together they photographed and interviewed more than 40 rappers, DJs, producers, label and record storeowners from the New Orleans bounce and hip-hop music scene.