Jazz Origins: American or Creole?

This chapter concentrates on historiography related to New Orleans as the site of origin and includes discussion of representations of race and ethnicity in the historiographical discourse, the problem of chronology, and current work toward developing new research strategies. How did New Orleans' Creole and African American communities differ in terms of musical practices, and what were the forces that brought them together? Should jazz be seen as an aspect of African American vernacular culture, or was it something the result of other forms of creolization? Read Bruce Boyd Raeburn, New Orleans Style and the Writing of American Jazz History (Michigan, 2009) for next class.

Pianist Manuel Manetta (top) with Oscar Celestin (1925)

The Creole "Boogie Woogie King," Burnell Santiago