Danzon and Son

In the history of the danzon, we find court dances and music of the aristocracy imitated in bourgeois salons, and musicians of color who creolize these European music forms. At the end of this process, we see the appearance in the late nineteenth century, the danzon, the first dance rhythm considered authentically Cuban.

The son, “considered the very expression of Cuban identity” is believed to have appeared about 1860 in the eastern mountains of Santiago. This “Cuban identity” is a study of Afro-Hispanic trans-culturation. A fusion of the original Spanish families to settle in the rural eastern part of Cuba from Andalusia or the Canary Islands and the laborers of African origin, especially Bantu and Dahomeyans. The golden age of the son is the 1920’s during the presidency of Machado in 1925, a time of the electrical recording and the restrictions of black drums.