Dances of Congo Square- Bamboula, Calenda, and Chica

Records show that as early as 1805, The Place Congo or Congo Square (now known as Louis Armstrong Park) was a grassy plain on the edge of the swamps at the far side of the French Quarter where gens de couleur fibre (free blacks) and slavers would congregate. It became a place where African rituals and ceremonies were kept alive and where disparate peoples from a variety of tribal groups found a cultural bond in their improvised music. The immigration of the gens de couleur fibre, slaves, and former slaves from Haiti in the early 19th century served to infuse other African tribal traditions into those of the Louisiana slaves, many of whom were by then third-generation Louisianians.